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December 15, 2012
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An introduction to vast world of embroidered balls for ArtHistoryProject.

History




Temari, coming from words hand (te) and ball (mari), truly began as a simple toy. Around 7th century game Kemari (similar to hacky sack nowadays) derived from China's Cuju game was introduced in Japan. At first, it was played with leather ball. But as the ball games evolved into tossing and catching, first hand balls were created. Those were made mostly from scraps of old kimonos, wrapped with string so tightly that they would actually bounce.

Around 16th century, noblewomen started wind the balls with colorful silk threads and embroidering them. While competing with one another, the patterns would become more and more perfected and intriguing. Mothers gave temari to their children on New Year's Eve, not just for playing, but as a "love token". Inside some mari cores you could even find piece of paper with mother's wish for child's well being. But that is not all there is inside, some there are noise makers too. Sometimes tassels are added.

Thus a creation of simple toys slowly leaded to complex art objects.


Modern temari making




Nowadays some artists still makes their own mari cores from cloth strips and wool, but usually you would see ones started with styrofoam, wooden or soft tennis ball. Those are carefully covered in few layers of threads. Starting with wool or other stronger thread base layer for easier embroidering is created, followed with thinner threads. Last one is sewing thread, which makes the surface as much smooth as possible. In this whole process, maker has to keep finely winding all the time, trying to achieve a perfect sphere, resulting in time consuming preparatory step. If the ball is too off, the pattern would show the mistake quite heavily.

After core is made, you have to measure up base lines for pattern of your choice. This is made with just paper strips, pins and marking threads. The classical patterns have simple or combination divisions, for mostly symmetrical and geometric designs, but there are some freely stitched designs as well.

Simple division is one where there are two faces or centers, it is compared to Earth's two poles with number of meridian lines linking them. Meridians then divide the ball usually into quarters, eights, twelfths or other even number. The "equator" line is measured too, splitting the mari into two hemispheres. Patterns are usually centered around the poles, traditionally making flowers or stars, but there are also belt designs (=Obi patterns) for equator.
Combination division just have more faces. They are little harder for measuring and more demanding when it comes to perfect winded maris. Most combination patterns needs 4, 6, 8 or 10 faces, but you could find a multicentred ones, with more then 100 centers.

When marking is done, you can finally start stitching or wrapping, using colorful embroidery threads. The stitches are in fact very easy and a few, but there is almost no limit to designs, as you can always change any pattern to your own liking and imagination. Used colors and numbers (for example number of petals of kiku, a chrysanthemum design) can have their own meaning. Finished pieces are still given to family or friends as a meaningful gift, as temari represents wishes for happiness.

Simple:temari "orange kiku" by 3zolushkaChristmas Temari Ball by minami63The emporer to the empress by SetsunakakashiTemari 3 by IcechrystalKiku Temari by RybczaTehmareh Baul by quexthemyuuautumn temari by sio13Temari Set by Rein08
Combination:Santa Fe view 1 - Star by vikingsopranoStill snowing by vikingsopranoTemari 9 - Stars by ReveniaLilies by NoviahTemari 15 - 3 views by ReveniaKinda Like Twins by Noviah
Wrap designs:Intersections by vikingsopranoThe joker by SetsunakakashiWishing Papers by vikingsoprano
Whole mari covering design:Sunshine by vikingsoprano
Free design:Dragon Year by 3zolushka

:iconarthistoryproject:


If you are interested in trying temari, there are various sites with step by step photo tutorials and patterns, best one being TemariKai. There is also Temari-Creations group here on DA.
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:iconsnowymelon:
snowyMelon Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2013  Hobbyist Artisan Crafter
oooh *___* must find a tennis ball XD
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:iconrevenia:
Revenia Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Yeah! Go for it! :D
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:iconvikingsoprano:
vikingsoprano Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2012
Thanks for featuring my works! One quibble: although the temari I made titled Santa Fe does use some wrapping, it is actually a combination design. Only the blue threads are wrapped. The star portion of the design is all stitched in. Sure looks like it's wrapped, though!
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:iconrevenia:
Revenia Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
I see, sorry for the mistake, it looks very convincing! It should be fixed into combination now. :)
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:iconvikingsoprano:
vikingsoprano Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2013
No problem. Thanks!
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:iconnameda:
Nameda Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2012  Professional General Artist
really interesting never heard of that
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:iconrevenia:
Revenia Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
I am glad to spread the word. :)
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:iconnameda:
Nameda Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2012  Professional General Artist
:)
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:iconladypinkucosplay:
LadyPinKuCosplay Featured By Owner Dec 18, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Very interesting! I learnt a lot, thanks.
Reply
:iconrevenia:
Revenia Featured By Owner Dec 18, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
I am truly happy that you like it! :w00t:
Reply
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